Verbele auxiliare in limba Engleza

Invata usor verbele auxiliare in limba Engleza!

Verbele auxiliare in limba Engleza se numesc ”Auxiliary” sau ”Helping Verbs” pentru ca ajuta la formarea timpurilor verbale, diateza si intareste sensul verbelor principale. Sunt folosite impreuna cu verbul principal pentru a exprima timpul, forma negativa sau interogativa.

Verbele auxiliare in limba Engleza
Verbele auxiliare in limba Engleza

Cele mai importante verbe auxiliare in limba Engleza sunt: Have, Be si Do.

  • Does Sam write all his own reports?
  • They haven’t written all the letters yet.
  • Terry is writing an e-mail to a client at the moment.

Verbele Auxiliare, numite si verbe ajutatoare adauga sens gramatical si functional propozitiilor in care sunt folosite.

Functiile verbelor auxiliare in propozitii:

  • Ajuta la formarea timpului gramatical, cu referinta pentru timp, prezent, trecut, viitor
  • Din punct de vedere gramatical, exprimamodul in care verbul relationeaza cu timpul.
  • Sunt folosite pentru a exprima diateza.
  • Arata relatia dintre actiunea exprimata de verb si participantii identificati ca subiect si obiect
  • Accentueaza anumite aspecte intr-o propozitie.

Verbele auxiliare apar aproape intotdeauna impreuna cu verbul principal. Desi sunt doar cateva verbe auxiliare, ele sunt printre cele mai folosite cuvinte din limba Engleza.

Cum identificam verbele Auxiliare in limba Engleza?

Dupa cum stii, fiecare propozitie include cel putin, un verb.
Verbele principale se folosesc cu verbe auxiliare: Do, Be. Have. pentru a exprima timpurile:

Do – apare in verbe la timplurile simple: Simple Tenses. Ex.

  • I do not speak fast. I did not talk to her.
Be

Be – apare in timpurile cu actiune in progres si Diateza Pasiva, Continuous Tenses and The Passive Voice:

Are formele: be, am, are, is, La trecut , ”be” are formele: was, were,Ex.

  • I am talking to you now. I was working in my garden at the time. That book was written 50 years ago. They were watching tv when I called them.

Have – apare in timpurile compuse, Perfect Tenses. Pentru prezent, folosim formele Have pentur otate persoanele cu exceptia persoanei a 3 a singular, ”has”. Pentru trecut, folosim forma ”Had”, la toate persoanele. Ex.

  • I have spoken. I had seen that film before.

Verbele auxiliare se folosesc tot timpul si peste tot. Ele sunt o parte foarte importanta din gramatica. Este important sa folosesti aceste verbe auxiliare cum trebuie!

Do
  • Do – poate fi folosit si ca verb de actiune si are sensul: a face.

Cand este folosit ca auxiliar, in functie de timpul gramatical exprimat, ”Do” are formele:

  • Afirmativ: do, does, did, done, negative
  • Negativ: don’t sau do not, doesn’t sau does not, didn’t, sau did not.

Cand este folosit ca verb auxiliar, in propozitii afirmative, Do este imperecheat cu un alt verb pentru a intari sensul acestuia din urma. Ex.

  • I do love you. I did, put the bag in the compartment.

”Do” se foloseste si in Tag-questions, propozitii interogative in care raspunsul este pe jumatate cunoscut. Ex.

  • He plays piano well, doesn’t he?” sau You don’t want to come with us, do you?

In fraza, poate inlocui o intreaga propozitie afirmativa sau negativa. Ex.

  • They all had dinner, but I didn’t.”
Be

Be – se foloseste in multe situatii. Ca verb de sine statator, are sensul ”a fi”. Ex.
I am what I am. They are my best friends. There are two books on the coffee table.

Formele lui Be: to be, been, am, are, is, was, were, wasn’t sau was not aren’t sau are not, weren’t sau were not.
I‘m talking to you. What are you doing now? They are leaving.

Verbele auxiliare Modale

Pe langa cele trei, cele mai importante verbe auxiliare, have, do, and be, mai sunt si verbele modale.

Sunt numite modale si nu isi schimba forma niciodata indiferent de persoana sau numar. Unele au forme pentru trecut.

  • Can – Could     Pentru negative avem: Cannot sau Can’t, Could not sau Couldn’t
  • May – Might     Pentru negative avem: May not – Might not
  • Must – Had to  Pentru negative avem: must noyt sau mustan’t . Pentur trecut, avem Did not have to sau didn’t have to
  • Ought to          Pentru negative avem: ought not
  • Shall – Should Pentru negative avem: Should not sau Shouldn’t
  • Will – Would    Pentru negative avem: Will not sau won’t si pentru trecut avem, would not sau wouldn’t

Exemple:

  • I can do what I want. I could do what I wanted as a child.
  • You may say I’m a dreamer. You might say I am/was a dreamer.

Exemple de verbe auxiliare in propozitii:

Identificati tipul de verb auxiliar, precum si timpul gramatical folosit:
  1. Jessica is taking John to the airport.
  2. If he doesn’t arrive on time, he’ll have to take a later flight.
  3. Unfortunately, our dinner has been eaten by the dog.
  4. I have purchased a new pair of shoes to replace the ones that were lost in my luggage.
  5. We hope you don’t have an accident on your way to school.
  6. She was baking a pie for dessert.
  7. Dad has been working hard all day.
  8. The bed was made as soon as I got up.
  9. Sarah doesn’t ski or roller skate.
  10. Did Matthew bring coffee?
Exercitii cu verbele auxiliare in limba Engleza

Completati spatiile libere cu verbul auxiliar corect, la timpul gramatical potrivit:

  1. What ………………. the kids doing when you last saw them? (was, were, are, did, been)
  2. Carla ……………..  always wanted to try skydiving. (was, doesn’t, has, is, have)
  3. Where ………..you go on your summer vacation? (were, been, are, did, does)
  4. Why do you think she ………… call you like she said she would? (didn’t, is, hasn’t, has been, have)
  5. Maria ……….  going to be upset when she hears what happened. (will, don’t, is, didn’t, has)
  6. Paul………  want to go to the movies; he wants to stay home instead. (doesn’t, isn’t, wasn’t, hasn’t, was not)
  7. I ……… appreciate his jokes. They weren’t funny. (did, have, been, didn’t, haven’t)
  8. I really like fish but I ………. care for meat. (weren’t, been, don’t, is, was)
  9. Where …………… you going when I saw you last night? (were, was, is, do, did)
  10. Jane ………………….. called yet. She’s late as usual. (are, were, has, hasn’t, wouldn’t)

Le vom lua pe fiecare in parte, in articole separate, pentru avem multe de spus despre ele. Daca ai intrebari sau nelamuriri, ne poti lasa un comentariu mai jos. Promitem sa iti raspundem cat de repede putem.

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