Trecutul Perfect Simplu in Engleza

Past Perfect Simple in Limba Engleza

Trecutul perfect simplu este folosit pentru a descrie o actiune care a avut loc inainte de o alta actiune in trecut. Il traducem in limba Romana prin Perfect Compus si Mai Mult ca Perfectul. Exemplu:

  • When the police arrived, the thief had escaped. Cand a venit politia, hotul scapase.

Nu conteaza ordinea propozitiilor:

  • The thief had escaped when the police arrived. Hotul scapase cand a sosit politia.

Cum se formeaza Trecutul Perfect Simplu in Engleza?

Trecutul perfect simplu este format din verbul auxiliar ”had” + participiu trecut.

Participiul trecut este verbul + terminatia ed ( verbe regulate) sau forma a treia a verbului (verbe neregulate). exemplu:

  • Verb regulat: walk > walked / study > studied / stop > stopped
  • Verb neregulat; run – run, speak – spoken, leave – left etc

Subject+had+Verb+(ed sau forma a 3 a) la toate persoanele. Exemplu.

  • I had met him before he became famous. L-am intalnit inainte de a deveni faimos.

Atentie:

Auxiliarul Trecutului Simplu este had. Nu confunda auxiliarul ”had” cu forma a treia a verbului to have   care este tot ”had”. Ex.

  • I had had enough to eat but I wanted dessert anyway. Mancasem destul dar voiam desert oricum.
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Trecutul Perfect Simplu – forma scurta

Folosim forma scurta a verbului auxiliar ”had” impreuna cu subiectul.

  • I had devine I’d – After I’d used the phone, I paid the bill. Dupa ce am folosit telefonul, am platit factura.
  • He had devine He’d
  • She had devine She’d
  • It had devine It’d – It’d happened so quickly, I didn’t notice. Se intamplase atat de repede, incat nu am observat.
  • We had devine We’d
  • You had devine You’d
  • They had devine They’d

Trecutul Perfect Simplu – forma negativa

Negativul se formeaza prin adaugarea ”not” dupa auxiliarul ”had”. Folosim forma scurta in vorbire. ”had not” devine ”hadn’t”.
Subiect +had+ver (participiu Trecut) had not/hadn’t la toate persoanele.

  • I / You / We / They /He / She hadn’t (had not) driven a car before. Nu mai condusesem. Nu mai condusese/ Nu mai conduseseram. etc.

Trecutul Perfect Simplu – forma Interogativa

La intrebari, incepem cu ”had”+subiect +participiu trecut. ( la toate persoanele.)

Had I / you / we / they + verb (Participiu Trecut)?

  • Had he eaten anything there before? Mai mancase ceva inainte?

Expresii de timp cu Trecutul Perfect Simplu in Engleza

Folosim urmatoarele expresii de timp:

  • already – deja
  • for – perioada de timp
  • since – de cand
  • yet – inca
  • after – dupa
  • before – inainte
  • as soon as – de indata ce
  • the moment that – in momentul cand
  • until – pana
  • by the time – pana
    Ex:
  • After she had moved out, I found her books. Dupa ce s-a mutat, i-am gasit cartile.
  • I didn’t say anything until she had finished talking. Nu am zis nimic pana nu a terminat de vorbit.

Folosim: before, when, by the time inainte de Trecutul Perfect Simplu. Ex.

  • Before I knew it, she had run out the door. Inainte sa stiu/sa-mi dau seama, fugise pe usa.
  • By the time he phoned her, she had found someone new. Pana sa o sun, gasise deja pe cineva nou.
  • I called his office but he’d already left. L-am sunat la birou dar plecase deja.
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Exercitii cu Trecutul Perfect Simplu – Past Perfect Simple

Ai mai jos exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple . Trebuie sa completezi spatiile libere cu formele verbale corecte si sa traduci din limba Romana in limba Engleza.

1. Completeaza spatiile libere cu formele corecte de Trecut Simplu si Trecut Perfect Simplu:.
  1. After Loren had turned on the alarm, she locked the door. (turn on)
  2. By the time Simone arrived, the police had already left. (arrive)
  3. Had you known about the contract they signed? (know)
  4. After the company _____Joe, he began to work on his first project. (hire)
  5. _____you _______ the news before you saw it on TV? (hear)
  6. Michael didn’t want to see the movie because he _______ the book yet. (not read)
  7. already _______when we _______ the stadium. (begin/ enter)
  8. Until Anne ________ Mark, she ____ never ______in love. (meet, be)
  9. Bill __________ for years before he finally _______. (smoke/ quit)
  10. _______ Sara ever _______to London by herself before then? (drive)
  11. How many fish ______ the boys _____ by the time it started raining? (catch)
  12. You ________ them to go to the beach, hadn’t you? (forbid)
  13. The girls _______ in weeks? That’s why they ______ so much afterwards. (exercise / hurt)
2. Exercitiu Alege varianta corecta:
  1. By the time I could talk to her, she ___ to quit her job.
    decided ‘d decided
  2. I looked at the photo and suddenly realised that I ___ that man somewhere before.
    saw ‘d seen
  3. First I ___ the salad, then I toasted the bread.
    made ‘d made
  4. ___ breakfast when you got up? Did James already cook Had James already cooked
  5. She didn’t feel like another coffee as she ___ one.
    just had ‘d just had
  6. We had the French exam this morning. It ___ as hard as I’d expected, though.
    wasn’t hadn’t been
  7. I asked Sara if she wanted to go for a walk, but she still ___ her homework.
    didn’t finish hadn’t finished
  8. Dinosaurs ___ hundreds of millions of years ago.
    lived had lived

Raspunsuri Corecte

Traduceti in Engleza:
  1. Dupa ce si-a terminat treaba, Sofie  mers sa ia pranzul.
  2. Am spalat podeaua cand a plecat zugravul.
  3. Harold stia de ceva vreme.
  4. Nu am spus nimic pana nu a terminat de vorbit.
  5. Dupa ce s-a mutat, i-am gasit cartile.
  6. Inainte sa-mi dau seama, ea fugise pe usa.
  7. Pana am sunat-o, ea a gasit pe altcineva.
  8. Pana a juns Doris la petrecere, toti plecasera acasa.
  9. Toti plecasera acasa, pana a juns Doris la petrecere.
  10. Ma saturasem de plangerile lui.
  11. Dupa ce am folosit telefonul, am platit factura.
  12. Tocmai ajunsesm acasa cand am auzit bubuitura afara.
  13. Am mai stat/Statusem in acelasi hotel de 2 ori inainte.
  14. Era fericita ca a trecut testul.
  15. Stiam ca am mai vazut pe acel om dar nu stiam unde.
  16. Chiar mai locuise ea in acea casa?
  17. Nu mai condusesem in Londra asa ca am hotarat sa iau autobuzul. before.
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Traduceti in Engleza: raspunsuri Corecte
  1. After Sofie had finished her work, she went to lunch.
  2. I washed the floor when the painter had gone.
  3. Harold had known about it for a while.
  4. I didn’t say anything until she had finished talking.
  5. After she had moved out, I found her books.
  6. Before I knew it, she had run out the door.
  7. By the time he phoned her, she had found someone new.
  8. By the time Doris got to the party, everyone had gone home.
  9. Everyone had gone home by the time Doris had got to the party.
  10. I had had enough of his complaining.
  11. After I’d used the phone, I paid the bill.
  12. We’d just gotten home, when we heard the blast outside.
  13. I had stayed in the same hotel twice before.
  14. She was happy because she had passed the test.
  15. I knew I had seen that man before but I couldn’t remember where.
  16. Had she really lived in that house before?
  17. I hadn’t driven in London before and I decided to catch the bus.
Traduceti in Engleza:
  1. Nu mai mancasem la acel restaurant.
  2. Samantha nu avesese timp sa-si explice versiunea ei.
  3. Prietenii mei nu mai mersesera in Franta.
  4. Prietenii mei nu mai mersesera nici in SUA.
  5. Am mers sa o vizitez cand s-a mutat la Berlin.
  6. Era cea mai frumoasa fotografie pe care am vazut-o.
  7. Mai vizitasesi Londra cand te-ai mutat acolo?
  8. Nu mai intalnisem pe nimeni din California inainte sa-l intalnesc pe Jim.
  9. Nu si-a putut face un sandvis pentru ca a uitat sa cupmere paine.
  10. Hotelul era plin, asa ca m-am bucurat ca am rezervat in avans.
  11. Noul meu loc de munca nu era exact ceea ce ma asteptasem. 
  12. Pana la varsta de 8 ani, ea isi publicase prima poezie.
  13. Terminasem toata apa inainte de urca jumatate de distanta pe munte.
  14. Sosise pachetul cand ai sunat ieri?
  15. Facusesi curatenie inainte sa ajunga ei acasa?
  16. Ce au spus ei de l-au suparat asa de tare?
  17. De ce fusese de acord sa lucreze pentru acel salariu? 
  18. Cat bause inainte sa ajungi la ei?
  19. Au plecat inainte sa vorbesc cu ei.
Traduceti in Engleza:
  1. Din pacate, autorul a murit inainte sa termine seria de carti.
  2. Eram fericit pentur ca in sfarsit luasem examenul auto.
  3. Ema nu a venit la cinematograf pentru ca a mai vazut filmul.
  4. Can am ajuns la gara, trenul tocmai plecase.
  5. Sam era dezamagit pentru ca nu a castigat.
  6. Usa era deschisa. Mai fusese cineva acolo inaintea mea?
  7. Nu am inteles. De ce mi se intamplase mie asta?
  8. Trecuse ea testul?’ ‘Da. il trecuse.’
  9. Mai vazusesi filmul?’ ‘Nu, nu il mai vazusem.’
  10. Nimeni nu mi-a spus ca magazinul s-a inchis.
  11. Sotia mea a ajuns acasa la 6, si eu nu gatisem cina inca.
  12. Tata era foarte suparat pentru ca a auzit ca nu am venit acasa mai devreme de 3 dimineata.
  13. Am vazut ca a cumparat DVD-ul asa ca i-am cerut daca pot sa-l imprumut.
  14. Doctorul a observat ca mama se simtea mai rau de saptamana trecuta.
  15. Politistul a spus ca dl. Hammond a trecut pe rosu.
  16. Am sunat-o pe Katie si ea a spus ca copiii ei au avut zi libera de la scoala si i-a dus la patinoar. 
  17. Lucrasem in aceasta firma de 2 ani, cand am fost promovat.
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Traduceti in Engleza: raspunsuri Corecte
  1. I had not eaten at that restaurant before.
  2. Samantha hadn’t had time to explain her side of the story.
  3. My friends hadn’t ever gone to France.
  4. My friends had never gone to the USA either.
  5. I went to visit her when she’d just moved to Berlin.
  6. It was the most beautiful photo I’d ever seen.
  7. Had you ever visited London when you moved there?
  8. I’d never met anyone from California before I met Jim.
  9. Everyone had gone home by the time Doris had got to the party.
  10. He couldn’t make a sandwich because he’d forgotten to buy bread.
  11. The hotel was full, so I was glad that we’d booked in advance.
  12. My new job wasn’t exactly what I’d expected.
  13. She’d published her first poem by the time she was eight.
  14. We’d finished all the water before we were halfway up the mountain.
  15. Had the parcel arrived when you called yesterday?
  16. Had you cleaned up the mess by the time they came home?
  17. What had they said that made him so angry?
  18. Why had he agreed to work for that salary?
  19. How much had he drunk before you got to him?
  20. They left before I’d spoken to them.
Traduceti in Engleza: raspunsuri Corecte
  1. Sadly, the author died before he’d finished the series.
  2. After Sofie had finished her work, she went to lunch.
  3. I was happy because I’d finally passed my driving test!
  4. Emma didn’t come to the cinema because she’d seen the film before.
  5. When we arrived at the station, the train had just left.
  6. Sam was disappointed because he hadn’t won.
  7. The door was open. Had someone been there before me?
  8. I didn’t understand it. Why had this happened to me?
  9. Had she passed the test?’ ‘Yes, she had.’
  10. Had you seen the film before?’ ‘No, I hadn’t.’
  11. No one told me that the shop had closed.
  12. My wife arrived home at 6 0’clock, and I hadn’t cooked dinner yet.
  13. My Dad was really angry because he heard I hadn’t come home until 3 am!
  14. I saw she’d bought the DVD so I asked if I could borrow it.
  15. The doctor felt my mother had got worse since last week.
  16. The policeman said Mr Hammond had driven through a red light.
  17. I phoned Katie and she said the kids had had a day off school so she’d taken them ice skating.
  18. I’d already worked at this company for two years, when I got promoted.

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