Prezentul Continuu- actiune in progres

7 cazuri cand folosim Prezentul Progresiv

Astazi vorbim despre Prezentul Continuu care exprima o actiune in progres in in momentul vorbirii, in prezentul extins sau actiuni planificate in viitor.

Prezentul progresiv este unul dintre cele mai folosite timpuri din limba Engleza, mai ales in limba vorbita, de zi cu zi. Sunt cateva situatii si cazuri importante cand trebuie sa stim cand sa il folosim pentru a invata limba Engleza eficient.

Esti incepator, la nivel intermediar sau chiar avansat? Indiferent de nivel, sunt sigur ca poti gasi aceasta lectie utila care sa te ajute in invatarea limbii Engleze.

Ce inseamna Prezentul Continuu in limba Engleza?

Mai intai, trebuie sa vorbim despre ce inseamna Prezentul Progresiv. Stim ca actiunea in progres, in prezent este cea mai importanta caracteristica a prezentului continuu. Este vorba despre actiuni in desfasurare, in momentul vorbirii dar si pe perioade extinse in prezent si chiar viitor.

In aceasta lectie, vom vedea ca putem exprima actiuni planificate in viitor, apropiat sau mai putin apropiat.

Whether you are a beginner or advanced learner, you are sure to find something new in this lesson.
First we need to know what is Present Continuous. It is a way of expressing present actions.
We use this tense to say that something is happening at the moment, now, or during a period of time in the present.
This period of time includes now but it may continue in the future.

Present Continuous – progressive action

You can see in this lesson that we can use Present Continuous to say that something will happen in the future.
However, we usually use it with actions that are happening now or in the present.

The Present Continuous is different from the Present Simple which is about regular, repeated actions.

Cum se formeaza?

Prezentul progresiv este diferit de prezentul simplu care inseamna si este folosit pentru a exprima actiuni repetitive, obisnuite, generale.

Deasemenea, difera de prezentul simplu si ca forma. Stim ca Prezentul Progresiv se formeaza cu ajutorulu verbului auxiliar ”To Be”. Acesta are formele: Am, Are Is

Forma afirmativa

I am, You are, He, She, It is, We, You, They are +verb+ing.

Citeste si:  Prepozitii To si For

It is also different as it forms using to be and the ing form of the verb.
That is, we use Be as an auxiliary +Ing form of the verb to form this tense.

  • I am talking to you. I is the subject, Am is Be and talking is the verb here.

Forma Interogativa – Intrebari

In intrebari, folosim intai, auxiliarul, apoi subiectul care este urmat de forma ING a verbului principal.

To ask questions using Present continuous we use the auxiliary first.

  • Are you talking to me?
  • Is she doing anything?
  • What are you doing now?

Forma Negativa

La negativ, auxiliarul To be primeste negatia not la toate persoanele. Aici, putem avea forma lunga sau forma scurta (contrasa)

I am not talking                        I’m not talking

You are not talking                  You aren’t talking

He, She, It is not talking          He, She, It isn’t talking

We, You, They are not talking   We,You, They aren’t talking

The Present Continuous can be used in the negative:

  • I am not talking to you.
  • You are not going anywhere.
  • She is not doing anything.

Putem folosi forma scurta a auxiliarului.

Contracted, short form

We can use the contracted form of ”To be”:

  • I’m not talking to you.
  • You aren’t going anywhere.
  • She isn’t doing anything.

As you can see the only thing that changes is the auxiliary be, according to the person.

Prezentul Continuu- Invata limba Engleza
Prezentul Continuu- Invata limba Engleza

Cand folosim Prezentul Progresiv in limba Engleza?

Let’s look at some situations when we need to use The present Continuous!

1. Actiune in progress in acest moment

We use The present Continuous to express an action which is happening at this moment.

  • It is raining outside.

We can see the rain outside. I’m looking out the window and I can see that. It is happening now. We can add now or not.

Using the -ing form is what makes us understand that the action is in progress at this moment.
You can ask someone :

  • What are doing? They may reply. I’m watching a film. or I’m reading a book.
Citeste si:  Cea mai buna metoda de invatare a limbii Engleze

2. Actiune care a inceput si continua

Putem folosi prezentul progresiv cu actiuni care au loc in prezent. Pot include momentul prezent pentru ca nu sunt incheiate.

We can use the Present Continuous to express an action that has started but not finished.

  • I’m reading a good book. It may not happen at this moment.

It means that I have started reading but I haven’t finished it yet.

Cautam un apartament. Nu inseamna ca acum, in acest moment, suntem in cautare de apartament ci in aceasta perioada mai extinsa in prezent.

  • We are looking for a new apartment. We are not out looking for an apartment right now.

It means that we’ve started looking for an apartment but we haven’t found one yet.

3. Schimbare progresiva

Exprima o actiune care se dezvolta pe o perioada mai lunga de timp, luni, ani sau chiar decenii, dupa cum poti intelege din exemplu cu incalzirea globala.

We can express progressive change, actions that are evolving, happening over a long period of time.

  • She is getting fatter. I think she needs to go on a diet.
  • The population of the planet is growing at a rate of around 1% per year.
  • The climate is getting warmer. We are talking about global warming. This action

4. Actiune temporara

Prezentul continuu este folosit pentru a exprima o actiune temporara in prezent.

Expressing a temporary situation, action which include the present moment

  • They are still living with their parents.
  • She’s working the marketing department. It means she normally works somewhere else.

5. Actiune planificata in viitor

Expressing future plans or arranged actions in the future.

  • What are you doing tonight?
  • We are travelling to London next week.

6. Actiune repetata, suparatoare

We can use Present Continuous to express a repeated ( usually strange or annoying) action with an adverb, such as: always.

  • You’re always leaving the door open.
  • He’s continually interrupting me while I’m talking.
  • She’s always doing charity work.

7. Pentru a exprima sentimente

Putem folosi Prezentul progresiv pentru a exprima sentimente de care incepem sa devenim constienti.

You can use Present Continuous to express feelings that you are starting to be aware of:

  • I’m realizing I made the wrong decision.
Citeste si:  Adjectivul in Engleza

This is uncommon way of using Present Continuous. You are starting to think about this.

Daca spunem:

  • I realize I made the wrong decision.

Inseamna ca asa simtim in general,nu doar acum. Nu este un sentiment nou. Putem folosi prezentul simplu, aici.

It means that mean that I generally feel like this. It means this is not a new feeling. We can use The Present Simple here.

  • I’m finding it difficult to work with them. It means I’m just starting to realize that it’s difficult to work with them.

Aici putem folosi Prezentul Continuu. Incep sa imi dau seama ca nu pot lucra cu ei. Este un sentiment nou.

Verbul Feel
  • How are feeling?
  • How do you feel?

Ambele propozitii interogative au acelasi inteles. Este vreo diferenta intre ele? Nu, desi putem observa o anumita nuanta.

Daca spunem: Cum te simti astazi? How are you feeling today?”, este clar ca intrebarea se refera la acest moment din prezent. Asta inseamna ca vorbitorul vrea sa stie cum se simte interlocutorul dupa ce acesta nu s-a simtit bine cu cateva zile mai inainte.

We can use both simple and continuous present here. It means exactly the same thing.
However, How are you feeling today? implies that perhaps you weren’t feeling well a few days ago and the person who is asking wants to find out if you are feeling better now.

Prezent Simplu in limba Engleza
Prezentul Simplu si Continuu – Cand le folosim?
Explicatii in Engleza

Nota: Explicatiile sunt atat in limba Romana cat si in limba Engleza pentru cei la nivel incepator. Credem ca pentru a progresa rapid in invatarea  limbii Engleze, atat exemplele cat si explicatiile trebuie sa fie doar in Engleza. Indiferent de vocabularul pe care il cunosti, este recomandabil sa inveti totul in limba Engleza si nu in limba nativa.

Speram ca aceste explicatii te vor ajuta sa intelegi mai bine Prezentul Continuu, in dorinta ta de a invata limba Engleza corect. Daca ai intrebari sau vrei sa mai dezvoltam si alte subiecte de limba Engleza, ne poti lasa un comentariu mai jos.

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