Prezent Simplu – Cand il folosim?

7 situatii cand folosim Prezentul Simplu in Limba Engleza

Despre Prezent Simplu trebuie sa stim ca se foloseste pentru a exprima actiuni obisnuite, generale, regulate, obiceiuri si mai ales, actiuni care se repeta. Pentru a invata Engleza, trebuie sa incepem sa invatam sa folosim corect Prezentul Simplu, mai intai.

Pentru a invata Engleza corect, trebuie sa ne asiguram ca stim si cateva notiuni de gramatica. Stiu ca poti vorbi limba fluent daca traiesti intr-o tara vorbitoare de limba Engleza. Insa, notiunile de gramatica te ajuta sa vorbesti corect si sa stii de ce este asa.

Prezent Simplu – Cum se formeaza?

Prezentul Simplu
Prezent Simplu – Cand il folosim?

Pentru a stii cum sa folosim prezentul simplu, trebuie sa ne asiguram ca stim cum se formeaza, mai intai.

Foma verbului este aceeasi, identica, cu forma de infinitiv scurt pe care o gasim si in dictionar.  Singura diferenta, o gasim la persoana a3 a singular.
Exemplu:

  • I, You, We, They live . He, She, It lives
  • I, You, We, They stay . He, She, It stays.
  • I, You, We, They try » He, She, It tries ( -y de la final se schimba in -ie- dupa consoana)
  • I, You, We, They wash » He She, It washes. ( dupa sh, se aduaga -es la final pentru persoana 3 a singular)
  • I, You, We, They l watch » He, She, It watches;
  • He, She, It box » He, She, It boxes (adaugam -es dupa -sh, -s, -ch si -x)
  • I, You, We, They l go » He, She, It goes (Adaugam -es dupa o)
  • I, You, We, They l do » He, She, It does (we add -es)
  • I, You, We, They l have » He, She, It has

Cum se formeaza negativul la Prezent Simplu?

La negativ, folosim auxiliarul Do. Acesta are formele:

I, You, We, They do not. He, She, It does not.

  • I do not live in London. I live in Paris.
  • She does not work as a doctor. She is a teacher.

In the negative, we use the auxiliary do + not, followed by the bare infinitive in all persons, except the third person singular. In the third person singular we use does + not:

Formele scurte ”don’t” si ”doesn’t” sunt adesea folosite in locul formelor lungi ”do not” si ”does not”, mai ales in vorbirea obisnuita, de zi cu zi.

The contracted forms don’t and doesn’t are often used instead of do not and does not in spoken and in informal written language.

  • I don’t travel by boat.
  • He doesn’t travel by boat.

Cum se formeaza interogativul?

In questions, we use the auxiliary do, followed by the subject and the bare infinitive, in all persons, except the third person singular. In the third person singular, we use does:

  • Do you live here?
  • Does she work in a bank?

Dupa cum poti vedea, la negativ, doar auxiliarul ”Do”, primeste -es, nu si verbul. Acesta isi pastreaza forma scurta de infinitiv, asa cum il gasim in dictionar. You can notice that we don’t add -s to the verb in questions or negative sentences.

Cand folosim Prezentul Simplu?

Acum ca stim cum se formeaza, ar trebui sa stim cand folosim Prezentul Simplu.
Now that you know how it forms we should talk about the use of Present Simple.

Prezent Simplu in limba Engleza
Prezent Simplu – Cand il folosim?

1. Stari si adevaruri general valabile

Cand vorbim despre adevaruri general valabile, legi fizice, stari si situatii care sunt intotdeauna neschimbate, folosim prezentul simplu.

We use the Present simple to talk about general truths, states and situations, when something is generally or always true. Ex.

  • The Sun rises in the East.
  • It snows in winter.
  • The Earth goes around the Sun.
  • The Moon goes around the Earth.

2. Prezent Simplu – Situatii si stari permanente

Folosim Prezentul Simplu pentru a exprima actiuni mai mult sau mai putin permanente. Actiuni precum: Live, a locui, a trai, work -exercitarea profesie

We need to use this tense for a situation that we think is more or less permanent.

  • Where do you live? I live in London.
  • I work in the sales department.-
  • I teach English in a school.

3. Actiuni regulate, obiceiuri

Folosim Prezentul Simplu pentru a exprima actiuni regulate, repetate, obiceiuri etc. De multe oroi, folosim adverbe care arata frecventa, obiceiul si repetarea. Iata cateva dintre ele: Often, Always, Sometimes, Seldom, Ever, Every, in the morning, in the evening, at noon, at night, in the afternoon etc.

  • They often meet in a restaurant across the street.
  • We seldom argue about housework.
  • Do you ever travel by boat?
  • Sometimes, we find it difficult to talk to them.
  • He wakes up early in the morning.
  • He comes back home late at night.

The Present Simple is used to talk about regular actions, habits or things that we do regularly. We often use adverbs of frequency, such as ‘often’, ‘always’ and ‘sometimes’

  • Do you smoke? I don’t travel very often.

4. Prezent Simplu – Viitor Programat

We can use the present simple to talk about the future with a timetable or a fixed plan. Usually, the timetable is fixed by an organisation, not by us.

  • School begins at 8 tomorrow.
  • The train arrives at seven thirty.

5. Viitorul dupa cuvinte precum if, when, after, before as soon as

We also use the present simple to talk about the future after words like if, ‘ ‘when’, ‘until’, ‘after’, ‘before’ and ‘as soon as’.

  • I will send you an email when I get home.

6. Prezent Simplu in Propozitii Conditionale

Pentru a exprima conditia, folosim Prezentul simplu cand sensul propozitiei este legat de prezent sau viitor.

We use the present simple in the first and the zero conditionals. We can’t use will after when or if, in conditionals.

  • If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
  • If you come early, you will see them.
  • If you work hard you will get better results.

7. Prezent Simplu – pentru a exprima stari

Folosim Prezentul Simplu pentru a exprima stari, nu actiuni cand este vorba momentul prezent, actual.

We always use Present Simple with verbs expressing states not actions,

  • Some products cost more than others.
  • You seem a little confused today.

Verbe cu Prezent Simplu

Folosim prezentul simplu, cu anumite verbe. Acestea se folosesc in general doar la prezent Simplu, cu mici exceptii. Vom vedea care sunt acele exceptii cand vom studia Prezentul continuu, denumit Present Continuou, in limba Engleza.

Prezent Simplu – cu verbele de perceptie

Verbs of perception: hear, see, smell, taste, feel ( can are sensul de se simte. Poate fi folosit la prezentul Continuu cand are sensul de a pipai, a simti cu mana, degetele)

  • This plant smells awful.
Verbele care exprima sentimentele

Verbs of feeling: love, hate, like ex.:

  • Do you like to spend time at home?
Verbe de gandire

Verbs of thinking: remember, think, know, realise ex.:

  • I remember everything now.
Verbe de conversatie in limba Engleza

Verbs of speaking: admit, advise, promise. reckon, consider, ex.:

  • I promise I will call them.
  • I admit I didn’t know what to do.
  • I think this is a mistake. ( cand are sensul de a avea o parere)

Probabil ai observat ca sunt destul de multe informatii in acest articol si in filmuletul de prezentare de pe You Tube. Nu trebuie sa iti faci griji daca nu ai inteles inca foarte bine cand trebuie sa folosesti timpul prezent simplu. Poti oricand sa revii la acest articol si la filmulet si poti repeta.

Pentru a invata limba Engleza trebuie sa te asiguri ca repeti si pui in practica informatiile primite. Daca ai intrebari, ne poti lasa un comentariu mai jos. Iti promitem ca  iti vom rapsunde cat de repede putem.

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