Prepozitii To si For


Prepozitiile To si For – Cele mai importante situatii cand folosim?

Prepozitii To si For –  cand folosim aceste cuvinte in lmba Engleza? Sunt foarte multe  situatii cand le intalnim. To si For pot fi pot crea confuzii uneori cand trebuie sa le folosim in limba Engleza. Tocmai, din acest motiv, am hotarat sa le prezentam in acest articol.

Ti-am pregatit cateva reguli si exemple pentru a face diferenta dintre ele. Este nevoie sa le stii foarte bine pentru a te asigura ca inveti limba Engleza corect.


  • Ce sunt Prepozitiile To si For?
  • Cand folosim prepozitia To?
  • Cand folosim prepozitia For?
  • Sa comparam To si For!

Cele mai importante situatii cand trebuie sa folosim cele doua Prepozitii To si For

Incepem cu To. Cand si cum folosim prepozitia To?

Destinatia

Cand vrem sa exprima destinatia sau directia catre ceva:

  • We’re going to London.
  • The package was sent to him yesterday.
  • Please send it back to me.
  • Could you take this to the shop?

Timpul

Folosim to pentru a exprima timpul sau a spune cat este ceasul:

  • What time is it? It’s a quarter to 3.

Perioada de timp

Putem exprima o perioada de timp folosind prepozitia To:

  • I work 9 to 5, Monday to Friday.
    It’s just three days to Easter.

Distanta

Exprimarea distantei: de la… pana la

  • It’s about ten miles from my house to yours.

Includem aici substantive care se refera la transport cum ar fi: bus, coach, ferry, flight, train:

  • The flight to London takes 12 hours.
    Is this the bus to the stadium?

Numere aproximative

Putem folosi To cand ne referim la un numar aproximativ, unul intre o cifra mai mica si una mai mare:

  • There were forty to fifty people at the meeting.
    It’ll probably cost you thirty to thirty-five pounds.

Comparatia

Pentru a compara doua actiuni, obiecte, persoane etc:

  • I prefer reading to watching TV. I prefer apples to oranges.

Scopul, motivul unei actiuni

Pentru a exprima motivul si scopul, folosim To:

  • I am here to see you.
    I went to the office to the office to meet the new team.

Avem nevoie de prepozitia To pentru a indica o limita sau un punct care delimiteaza dimensiuni:

  • The snow was piled up to the roof.
  • I was in the water up to my knees.

Cu verbe

  • Cu verbe precum: give, send, write
    I gave the book to my friend.
    She’s always writing letters to the local newspaper.
Citeste si:  Verbul modal Should
Expresii verbale

Verbe sau expresii verbale urmate de prepozitia To:
be used, get used, listen, look forward, object, reply, respond etc

Be used to, get used to si look forward to sunt expresii verbale, urmate de verb+ing.

  • We listened to that CD you lent us. It’s great.
  • I object to your remarks. This may be similar with: I don’t agree to your remarks.
  • The bank hasn’t replied to my letter yet.
  • I got used to reading English books.
  • I’m looking forward to seeing you again.
Verbe la infinitiv

Verbele la infinitiv folosesc particula To. Folosim To inaintea formei de infinitiv a verbului::

  • She loves to wear really colourful dresses.
    I need to leave early today.
    To get an outside line, you have to dial 9 first.

Cu substantive

Sunt mai multe substantive care sunt urmate de prepozitia To. Le folosim pentru a exprima directia sau destinatia: door, entrance, road, route, way

  • The door to the main office was open.
    The key to the door has been hidden.
    Is this the way to the fair?
Cu substantive care exprima reactii si raspunsuri

Aceste cuvinte sunt urmate de To: answer, key, reaction, reply, response, solution

  • His reaction to her comments was very aggressive.
    They don’t seem to be able to find a solution to the problem of global warming yet.
    My answer to your question is this.
    Do not respond to every little thing in your life.

Cu adjective

To este folosit ca prepozitie dupa adjective, cuvinte care au legatura cu trasaturile si comportamentul uman: cruel, faithful, generous, kind, loyal, good, mean etc

  • I cannot bear people being cruel to animals.
  • I can’t understand why some people are so mean to other people.
  • You should be kind to her. Sometimes you’re so nasty to her!
  • Many individuals have been loyal to the Conservative Party all their lives.
  • Nature has been so generous to us. How do we repay her? By cutting down forests and polluting the planet.

Cele mai importante situatii cand trebuie sa folosim For

Ca si celelate prepozitii de loc, de timp, prepozitia For este printre cele mai folosite cuvinte in limba Engleza.

Cand folosim For? Iata cele mai importante cazuri pe care trebuie sa le cunosti!

Beneficiul si utilitatea

For este folosit in primul rand, pentru a exprima beneficiul si utilitatea. Exprimarea faptului ca un lucru, o substanta, un lichid, o mancare, un stil de viata poate fi bun sau rau pentru cineva:

Citeste si:  Pronumele personal in Engleza

Aici putem intalni adjective precum: good for, bad for

  • You need more fiber in your diet. It is good for your digestion.

Putem folosi For pentru a exprima o perioada de timp.

  • We’ve lived here for 2 years.
    They’ve been married (for) 20 years.

Programarea

Pentru exprimarea unei programari avem nevoie de For. Pentru a face o programare cu data calendaristica, folosim For:

  • I made an appointment for the 1st of June.”

Acordul sau dezacordul.

  • Are you for or against? I am not for the new treaty. I am against it.

Cerere si oferta

Cererea sau oferta de a face un serviciu cuiva se face folosind For.

  • Could you carry the luggage for me?
    She bought a teapot for her sister.
    Mike and his staff at the hotel cook for 800 people a day, on average.
    I can send the package for you if you want.

Functia

Folosim to be +participiu trecut + verbul la forma (-ing)

  • A ladder is used for climbing up or down.

Cand exprima functia sau rolul, For poate fi urmat si de substantiv sau pronume. Functia sau rolul poate fi exprimat folosind For si asa cum poti vedea in exemplele de mai jos:

  • This place is for exhibitions and shows.
    She baked a cake for your birthday.
    I put a note on the door for privacy.

Putem folosi For pentru a exprima scopul sau motivul pentru care facem ceva:

  • I’m going for some breakfast. I’m really hungry.
    She leaves on Friday for a 15-day cruise around the Mediterranean.
    I wear these old trousers for painting.

Putem folosi For pentru a exprima motivul sau scopul. Avem aici For urmat de un substantiv.

  • Let’s go out for a drink.
  • I’ll take you out for a spin.
  • We went out for a walk in the park.

In intrebari cu What sau Who

For este deasemenea, folosit in intrebari care incep cu What , atunci cand impreuna cu acesta din urma, are sensul de Why?
Intrebam care este scopul in situatii mai putin formale.

In loc de: ”Why are you here?”, putem spune si: ”What are you here for?” sau, In loc de: ”Why are you doing it?”, putem spune:
”What are they doing it for?”

Perioada de timp

Perioada, timpul de asteptare, cat dureaza, cat tine. Vom folosi For pentru a exprima cat timp dureaza o actiune, o stare:

  • There’s a lovely open-air pool near us. We usually go there for a couple of hours in the evenings when it’s warm enough.
Citeste si:  Verbul modal Could

Nu confunda folosirea lui For cu folosirea lui In!

Don’t confuse for and in when referring to time:

  • We’re going to Greece for two months. (Vom petrece doua luni in Grecia.)
    We’re going to Greece in two months. (Peste doua luni, mergem in Grecia.)

Schimbul

Pentru a exprima schimbul folosim For

  • Buy 2 for £2 or £1.36 each. Cumpara 2 la 2 lire sua 1 bucata la 1,36!
    I got 124 euros for 100 pounds at today’s exchange rate.

Putem folosi For in situatii in care intelesul are legatura cu ”because of”:

  • I am so happy for you.
    We feel deeply sorry for the incident.
    I’ve decided to quit my job, for this reason.
Sa comparam cele doua prepozitii To si For!

Dupa cum poti vedea in exemplul de mai jos, atat, TO cat si FOR pot fi folosite pentru a exprima motivul sau scopul. Sensul este similar. To este folosit cu verb, pe cand For este folosit cu substantiv:

  • I came to London to work.
    I came to London for a new job.

Sunt doua forme care creeaza confuzie pentru multi studenti sau chiar vorbitori de limba Engleza care au nivel avansat.

Prepozitii To si For – comparatie

To Me or for Me –  Cand folosim pe unul si cand folosim pe celalalt?
„For me” este folosit pentru a exprima efectul sau beneficiul, indiferent ca este bun sau rau. Ex.

  • That’s difficult for me.
  • This lifestyle is good for me.
Prepozitii To si For – parere, opinie versus beneficii, utilitate

„To me” este folosit mai mult pentru a exprima opinia, parerea personala.Ex.

  • That sounds difficult to me.
    This watch is really important to me because my grandafather gave it to me as a gift.

Sensul este concentrat pe parerea personala si sentimentul vorbitorului.

Prepozitii To si For – diferente

For inseamna efect si beneficii Ex.

  • These English classes are very important for me.

Daca spun: Aceste cursuri de Engleza sunt foarte importante pentru mine, atunci exprim beneficiul. Toata lumea este deacord cu asta. Nu este o parere personala.

Beneficiile invatarii limbii Engleze sunt evidente pentru toata lumea.

  • Exercise is very important for your health.

My health will benefit from exercising.


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