Prepozitii Below si Under Engleza

Cum Folosim Prepozitiile Below si Under in limba Engleza?

Astazi vorbim despre doua prepozitii – Below si Under. Cand si cum le folosim in limba Engleza de zi cu zi? Desi cele doua sunt sinonime, nu le folosim intotdeauna in acelasi context.

”Below” si ”Under” sunt 2 prepozitii care au sens similar – sub, dedesubt. Ambele inseamna ca  ceva se afla mai jos decat altceva, intr-o pozitie inferioara.

Ce trebuie sa stii despre Prepozitii Below si Under ?

Pentru a intelege ce inseamna si cum se folosesc aceste doua prepozitii in limba vorbita, trebuie sa faci exercitii cu ele.

Mai intai, cateva cuvinte despre fiecare. Ce inseamna? Cand folosim pe ”below” si cand folosim pe ”under”?

Below – Ce inseamna si cum il folosim?

Below inseamna: dedesubt, de mai jos, in josul, mai jos decat sau chiar mai putin decat, cand poate fi sinonim cu – “lower or less than”

  • Under 20 people showed up at the meeting. Sub/mai putin de 20 de oameni au venit la sedinta.
Cand ceva se afla fizic, sub altceva
  • The sun disappeared below the horizon. Soarele a disparut sub orizon.
  • Nepal ranks below Sri Lanka. Nepal este mai jos decat Sri Lanka.
Pentru a exprima temperatura
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Cand vorbim despre temperatura mai scazuta, joasa, mica, (vorbim despre o scara verticala).

  • The temperature is below 10 degrees. Temperatura este sub 10 grade.

Folosim below, cand o zona este este sub nivelul marii.

  • Some parts of the city are below sea level. Unele parti din oras se afla sub nivelul marii.

Cand vorbim despre nivelul de inteligenta.

  • He is a student of below average intelligence. Este un student de inteligenta sub medie.

Cand folosim prepozitia ”under”?

Under inseamna sub si poate fi folosit cand ceva se afla acoperit de altceva.

  • The dog is sitting under the table. Cainele sta sub masa.
  • The key was under the flower pot. Cheia era sub ghiveci.
  • The cat is sleeping under the bed. Pisica doarme sub pat.
Putem folosi ”under” cu sens figurat
  • He has a deep sense of humor under his quiet and serious exterior. Are un simt al umorului dezvoltat sub exteriorul serios si tacut.

Folosim ”Under” cand vrem sa spunem ca ceva este sub controlul altcuiva

  • He is completely under her spell. Este complet sub controlul ei.

Folosim ”Under” cand vorbim despre varsta mai mica.

Younger or less than – Mai tanar/a sau mai mica decat

  • Children under (the age of) ten can participate in this race. Copiii sub varsta de 10 ani pot participa in aceasta cursa.
  • There are under 18 students in the class. Sunt studenti sub varsta de 18 ani in aceasta clasa.
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Under poate fi folosit cand este vorba despre ceva ce suporta un proces (in constructie, de exemplu)

  • This building is under construction. Aceasta cladire este in constructie.
  • This bridge is under construction. Acest pod este in constructie.
  • The issue under discussion was maintenance of the building. Chestiunea in discutie este intretinerea cladirii.

Putem folosi ”under” pentru a forma alte cuvinte precum:

underweight – sub greutate ( care nu are greutate normala)

  • She’s underweight. Ea este slaba. (nu are greutate normala)
  • He’s undercover. El este sub acoperire.
  • He was an undercover police officer. A fost politist sub acoperire.

Exercitii – Practica

Vrei sa inveti sa intelegi aceste doua prepozitii? Foloseste-le in Exercitii.

Exercitii – Nivel Incepatori – Mediu – Practise your English!

Completati spatiile goale folosind prepozitiile: Under si Below!
  1. Your legs are ___ the table.
  2. The cat is sleeping  ___ the bed.
  3. Do you know where the shoe box is? It’s  ___ the bed.
  4. The city are ___ sea level.
  5. It’s pretty cold today. It’s minus 1  __  zero.
  6. This part of the country is  __  sea level.
  7. Children ___ (the age of) 10 are not supposed to watch this film.
  8. You are  ___ arrest.
  9. The whole village was  ___ water.
  10. The snake was hiding ___ a rock.
  11. The key was __ the flower pot.
  12. This bridge is ____ construction.
Traduceti in Engleza folosind prepozitiile potrivite!
  1. Sa zbori pe sub sub radar e mult mai distractiv.
  2. Erau aschii de lemn sub unghiile lui.
  3. Unele lucruri nu sunt sub controlul meu.
  4. Casa are sub supraveghere.
  5. Trebuie luat doar sub supraveghere medicala.
  6. Vazute din Zgarie Nori, masinile parea ca niste insecte.
  7. Numele autorului era tiparit sub titlu.
  8. S-a ascuns sub pat.
  9. Ea are 3 oameni care lucreaza sub ea.
  10. Toate articolele costa sub 1 lira.
  11. Se asteapta ca temperatura sa scada cu 10 grade sub zero.
  12. Azi noapte au fost zece grade sub zero.
  13. Ea mi-a pus termometrul sub limba.
  14. Este o pivnita sub primul nivel/parter.
  15. Tinea o carte sub brat.
  16. Este pentru copii sub varsta de 6 ani.
  17. Au stat sub un copac pentru ca sa nu se ude.
  18. Daca iei sub 50%, pici examenul.
  19. Scaunul s-a rupt sub greutatea lui.
  20. Orasul era sub atac din aer.
  21. Situatia nu este inca sub control.
  22. Ma intreb cum era Britania sub Romani. (ocupatia romana)
  23. In ce zodie te-ai nascut? In ce zodie sunteti?
Citeste si:  Exercitii Get Engleza
Completati spatiile goale folosind prepozitiile: Under si Below! Nivel Intermediate & Upper Intermediate
  1. The sun disappeared ___ the horizon.
  2. Temperatures were ___ normal all week.
  3. We sat ___ a tree and rested.
  4. He is completely ___ her spell.
  5. The café is ___ new management.
  6. John tried to get his weight ___ control with drastic diets.
  7. You have to be able to think ___ pressure.
  8. The prison guards have the prisoners well ___ control.
  9. The soldiers acted ___ orders and destroyed the village.
  10. All the students bar one had ___  average results in the French test.
  11. The Australian dollar fell ___ eighty Japanese yen today.
  12. You are not ___ any obligation to pay for an order that arrived damaged.
  13. ___  no circumstances will we accept the new proposed working conditions.
  14. She’s feeling a bit ___  the weather as a result of being sick with a cold.
  15. From the plane we could see the fields ___.
  16. The students learned a great deal ___ her teaching.
  17. In this library, books on stamps collecting are listed __  hobbies.
  18. The results are  ___ average.
  19. I can work ___ pressure.
  20. The ball rolled ___ the car.
  21. He’s ___ a lot of pressure.
  22. ___  20 people showed up at the meeting.
  23. The people in the apartment ___  are so noisy.
  24. Tom is ___ Jane in the rankings.
Exercitii – Nivel Incepatori – Mediu – Raspunsuri Corecte:
  1. Your legs are under the table.
  2. The cat is sleeping  under the bed.
  3. Do you know where the shoe box is? It’s  under the bed.
  4. The city are below sea level.
  5. It’s pretty cold today. It’s minus 1  below zero.
  6. This part of the country is  below sea level.
  7. Children under (the age of) 10 are not supposed to watch this film.
  8. You are  under arrest.
  9. The whole village was  under water.
  10. The snake was hiding under a rock.
  11. The key was under the flower pot.
  12. This bridge is under construction.
Exercitiu de Traducere in Engleza – Raspunsuri corecte
  1. Flying under the radar is much more fun.
  2. There were the splinters of wood under his fingernails.
  3. Some things are not under my control.
  4. The house was under surveillance.
  5. You must take it only under medical supervision.
  6. From the top of the skyscraper the cars below us looked like insects.
  7. The author’s name was printed below the title.
  8. He hid under the bed.
  9. She has three people working below her.
  10. All items cost/are under a pound.
  11. The temperature is expected to drop to ten degrees below zero tonight.
  12. Last night it was ten degrees below (zero)
  13. She put the thermometer under my tongue.
  14. There’s a basement below the first floor.
  15. She was holding a book under her arm.
  16. It’s for young kids below the age of six.
  17. They stood under a tree to avoid getting wet.
  18. If you get under 50 percent, you fail the exam.
  19. The chair broke under his weight.
  20. The town is under fire from the air.
  21. The situation is still not under control.
  22. I wonder what Britain was like under the Romans.
  23. What sign are you born under? What star sign are you? What’s your star sign?
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Exercitii – Nivel Intermediate & Upper Intermediate Raspunsuri Corecte:
  1. The sun disappeared below the horizon.
  2. Temperatures were below normal all week.
  3. We sat under a tree and rested. (We sat below a tree and rested.)
  4. He is completely under her spell.
  5. The café is under new management.
  6. John tried to get his weight under control with drastic diets.
  7. You have to be able to think under pressure.
  8. The prison guards have the prisoners well under control.
  9. The soldiers acted under orders and destroyed the village.
  10. All the students bar one had below/under average results in the French test.
  11. The Australian dollar fell below/under eighty Japanese yen today.
  12. You are not under any obligation to pay for an order that arrived damaged.
  13. Under no circumstances will we accept the new proposed working conditions.
  14. She’s feeling a bit under the weather as a result of being sick with a cold.
  15. From the plane we could see the fields below.
  16. The students learned a great deal under her teaching.
  17. In this library, books on stamps collecting are listed under ”hobbies”.
  18. The results are below average.
  19. I can work under pressure.
  20. The ball rolled under the car.
  21. He’s under a lot of pressure.
  22. Under 20 people showed up at the meeting.
  23. The people in the apartment below are so noisy.
  24. Tom is below Jane in the rankings.

Lasa comentariul tau mai jos si spune-ne cate propozitii cu prepozitii ai reusit sa faci corect!

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