Exercitii cu Prepozitii de Timp in Engleza

Practica cu prepozitii de timp in Engleza

Astazi, facem practica si exercitii cu prepozitii de timp in Engleza pentru a le intelege mai bine si desigur, pentru a le invata.

Folosim prepozitii diferite pentru a vorbi despre timp. Vorbim astazi despre: in, on, at, during si for.

Cand folosim prepozitii de timp in Engleza?

Prepozitiile de timp arata momentul, perioada cand are loc un eveniment sau se intampla ceva.

Cand folosim prepozitia IN?

IN se foloseste pentru a vorbi despre lunile anului, anotimpurile, secolele si anumite momente ale zilei:

Lunile anului:
Exercitii cu Prepozitii de Timp in Engleza
Exercitii cu Prepozitii de Timp in Engleza

in January – in Ianuarie

in April – in aprilie

Anotimpuri:

in spring – primavara

in winter – iarna

Anii: in 1984 / in 2015

Secole: in the 20th century

Momentele zilei :

in the morning – dimineata

in the evening – seara

Folosim IN cu perioade de timp mai lungi:

  • in the past – in trecut
  • in the 1990s – in anii 90
  • in the holidays – in vacante/in timpul vacantelor

Cand vorbim despre viitor: in a moment, in 2 weeks

  • She’ll be back in a moment. Se va intoarce imediat.
  • We’re going away in two weeks. Plecam peste doua saptamani.

Cand folosim prepozitia ON?

Folosim On pentru a vorbi despre zile si date calendaristice

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Zilele saptamanii:

  • on Monday  – luni
  • on Tuesday -marti
  • on Friday – vineri  dar on Fridays – vinerea
Date calendaristice:
  • on November 22nd – pe 22 Noiembrie

Cum scriem data calendaristica?

Scriem: “on 1th July”  dar spunem:  on THE FIRST OF July –  pe 1 iulie

Zile Speciale:
  • on my birthday – de ziua mea
  • on New Year’s Eve –  de anul nou
  • On Christmas Day – in ziua de craciun
  • On Easter Day – in ziua de pasti
Zile + partile zilei:
  • on Tuesday afternoon – Marti dupa amiaza
  • on Saturday mornings – Sambata dimineata

Cand folosim AT?

  • Ceasul: at 7.30 a.m. / at 5 o’clock la 7:30/ la ora 5

Sarbatori (perioade):

  • La Craciun/La pasti – at Christmas / at Easter (pentru zilele de sarbatori, folosim on. On Christmas day.)

Exceptii:

  • at night noaptea,  at the weekend – rom. in weekend ( ”on the weekend” cand vorbim despre o zi anume din weekend)

Vezi acest acest video:

Cand folosim DURING?

Folosim prepozitia during pentru a vorbi despre ceva ce are loc in timpul a ceva:

  • during the holidays – pe durata sarbatorilor in timpul sarbatorilor
  • during the concert – in timpul concertului
  • during the English class – in timpul orei de Engleza

Uneori, pot folosi atat during cat si in pentru a exprima acelasi lucru. Pot spune atat:

  • I did a lot of work in the holidays. Am lucrat mult in timpul vacantelor.

cat si:

  • I did a lot of work during the holidays. Am lucrat mult in timpul vacantelor.

Cand nu folosim prepozitii de timp?

Uneori nu folosim prepozitii de timp.Inaintea cuvintelor, every, next, this, si last. Ex.

  • next week – saptamana viitoare
  • this week – saptamana aceasta
  • every day – in fiecare zi
Citeste si:  Invata Engleza Online Gratuit!

Exemple:

  • We go shopping every Saturday afternoon. Mergem la cumparaturi

Uneori, in vorbire, putem omite prepozitia on inaintea zilelor saptamanii. Putem spune:

  • I’ll see you Friday. Ne vedem Vineri.

(Atentie, doar in vorbire, se poate omite prepozitia on.

De obicei, spunem:

  • I’ll see you on Friday. Ne vedem Vineri.

Cand folosim FOR?

Folosim for pentru a arata cat timp dureaza ceva.

  • I’m going to stay for 3 weeks. Voi sta 3 saptamani.
  • I’ve been fere for 10 minutes. Sunt aici de 10 minute.

De ce este importanta folosirea corecta a prepozitiei? Pentru ca prepozitia schimba sensul intregii propozitii. Este diferenta intre:

  • We’re going away in two weeks. Plecam peste 2 saptamani.
  • We’re going away for two weeks. Plecam pentru doua saptamani.
Care este diferenta de sens?
  • We’re going away in two weeks. Inseamna acelasi lucru ca si: We leave two weeks from now. Plecam in 2 saptamani.
  • We’re going away for two weeks. Inseamna acelasi lucru ca si: Our holiday will be two weeks long. Plecam pentru doua saptamani. Vacanta noastra va dura 2 saptamani.

Facem diferenta de sens folosind prepozitiile: for, during, in

  • It snowed for three hours. A nins timp de 3 ore.
  • It snowed during the night. A nins in timpul noptii.
  • It snowed in the night. A nins noaptea.
  • It snowed at night. A nins noaptea.

In the night noaptea/in timpul noptii – de obicei, se refera la o noapte anume iar at night – se refera la oricare noapte, in general: ex.

  • I was awake in the night, thinking about all the things that have happened.Am fost treaz noaptea gandindu-ma la lucrurile care s-au intamplat.
  • It’s not safe to travel at night. Nu este sigur sa calatoresti noaptea.

Exercitii cu Prepozitii de Timp in Engleza

1. Completatii spatiile libere cu prepozitiile corecte:

  1.  I finish school early   Wednesdays.
  2. Are you going to work    the summer holidays?
  3. I only ever see my cousins   Christmas.
  4.    the past, you couldn’t buy such a variety of different foods.
  5. What shall we do   the weekend?
  6. Mobile phones were invented    the 80s.
  7. My exam is   7th June.
  8. I’m having my first guitar lesson    Friday afternoon.
  9. I’ll see you   Tuesday,   the morning,    about 10 o’clock.
  10. I’m going to study    a few hours.
Exercitii cu Prepozitii de Timp in Engleza

2. Completatii spatiile libere cu prepozitiile corecte:

Hi, Mum, How’s it going?
Fine thanks, honey. How was school?
Good. I’ve got a note for you from Mr Martin.
Who’s Mr Martin? Your Spanish teacher?
I don’t study Spanish, Mum. You know that.
True. But you could. It’s a very useful language. They speak it …… Spain.
Mum, he’s the new headmaster at college. And he isn’t Spanish – or He’s British. But I think he said his parents are from London.
London? Wow. The headmaster … Ah yes, I remember him. I met him …. Christmas when I went to your school for that concert. ….  December, anyway.
It would be good to speak to him about his parents’ country. I could interview him, then visit London …. summer … no, too hot maybe … autumn.
Well, he’d like to see you again too.
Really?
He wants you to go into school ….  Monday or Tuesday ….. next week.
Have you done something wrong?
No, of course not! You know me. He wants to ask if you can give a talk about your work and your blog, your travels, that sort of thing. One day …. April, …. Careers Week.
So …. Monday or Tuesday? What time?
….. the afternoon or …. the early evening. …. 5 o’clock, if you can.
I can go …. half past four …. Tuesday, if that’s ok.
I’ll ask.
Let me see. I’m away ….. Bucharest …. three days ….  April … but during your school holidays, I think. I’m going to Romania to write about traditions at Easter – oh, and then I’m away again … the end of the month. But I’m …. home ….  two or three weeks. I can’t go …. Monday evening, because I have a Qi Gong class, and then I have to work … ….. night. I have a video call … midnight . Yes, definitely. I’ll go in …. Tuesday afternoon.
Can you write a note or send him an email, please?
I’ll phone him ….. the day tomorrow. I’m free …. a few hours … the morning.
OK, I’ll tell him. Where are you?
Here in town. I’m …. the travel agent’s. I’m chatting to your friend Jenna – I haven’t seen her … months!
No, it’s OK, I’ll see her …. the weekend. We’re going …. a party …. Saturday night.
OK, well I’ll be home … about an hour …about 7 o’clock probably. Pizza and a film tonight?

Citeste si:  Diferenta dintre Last si Latest in Engleza
Exercitii cu Prepozitii de Timp in Engleza – Raspunsuri corecte:

Hi, Mum, How’s it going?
Fine thanks, honey. How was school?
Good. I’ve got a note for you from Mr Martin.
Who’s Mr Martin? Your Spanish teacher?
I don’t study Spanish, Mum. You know that.
True. But you could. It’s a very useful language. They speak it in Spain.
Mum, he’s the new headmaster at college. And he isn’t Spanish – or He’s British. But I think he said his parents are from London.
London? Wow. The headmaster … Ah yes, I remember him. I met him at Christmas when I went to your school for that concert. In December, anyway. A very nice man, yes.
It would be good to speak to him about his parents’ country. I could interview him, then visit London in summer … no, too hot maybe … in autumn.
Well, he’d like to see you again too.
Really?
He wants you to go into school on Monday or Tuesday next week.
Oh? Have you done something wrong?
No, of course not! You know me. He wants to ask if you can give a talk about your work and your blog, your travels, that sort of thing. One day in April, during Careers Week.
So on Monday or Tuesday? What time?
In the afternoon or in the early evening. At 5 o’clock, if you can.
I can go at half past four on Tuesday, if that’s ok.
I’ll ask.
Let me see. I’m away in Bucharest for three days in April … but during your school holidays, I think. I’m going to Romania to write about traditions at Easter – oh, and then I’m away again at the end of the month. But I’m at home for two or three weeks. I can’t go on Monday evening, because I have a Qi Gong class, and then I have to work at night. I have a video call at midnight … Yes, definitely. I’ll go in on Tuesday afternoon.
Can you write a note or send him an email, please?
I’ll phone him during the day tomorrow. I’m free for a few hours in the morning.
OK, I’ll tell him. Where are you?
Here in town. I’m at the travel agent’s. I’m chatting to your friend Jenna – I haven’t seen her for months!
No, it’s OK, I’ll see her at the weekend. We’re going to a party on Saturday night.
OK, well I’ll be home in about an hour – at about 7 o’clock probably. Pizza and a film tonight?

Citeste si:  Greseli in Engleza - Cum este Corect?
1. Completatii spatiile libere cu prepozitiile corecte:
  1. I finish school early on Wednesdays.
  2. Are you going to work in the summer holidays?
  3. I only ever see my cousins at Christmas.
  4. In the past, you couldn’t buy such a variety of different foods.
  5. What shall we do at the weekend?
  6. Mobile phones were invented in the 80s.
  7. My exam is on 7th June.
  8. I’m having my first guitar lesson on Friday afternoon.
  9. I’ll see you on Tuesday, in the morning, at about 10 o’clock.
  10. I’m going to study for a few hours
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