Diferenta Dintre Finish & End in Engleza

Diferenta Dintre Verbele ”Finish” & ”End” in Engleza

Care este diferenta dintre Finish & End in Engleza? Desi, le traducem asemanator in limba romana, cele doua verbe  au nuante diferite de sens. Nu le folosim in acelasi context in limba Engleza.

Urmareste aceasta lectie pana la sfarsit pentru a intelege cum folosim corect aceste doua verbe!

Ai mai jos un video cu un exemplu in care folosim verbul ”finish”.

De ce folosim verbul ”finish” si nu verbul ”end”? Urmareste lectia aceasta pana la final pentru a intelege diferenta dintre Finish & End!

Care este diferenta dintre Finish & End in Engleza?

Mai intai, ce inseamna ”finish” si ce inseamna ”end”? Le traducem in limba romana asemanator: a incheia sau a termina.

Diferenta dintre Finish & End in Engleza
Diferenta dintre Finish & End in Engleza

Cand folosim verbul ”to end” ?

Cand o actiune, un proces are un inceput, un cuprins si o incheiere, folosim, de obicei, verbul ”to end”. Ex.

  • The meeting ended at 10 am. Sedinta s-a incheiat la ora 10 dimineata.
  • His contract ends this month. Contractul lui se incheie luna aceasta.
  • The film ended at 3 pm. Filmul s-a terminat la ora 3 dupa amiaza.

dar si:

  • What time does the film finish? La ce ora se termina filmul?

Cand folosim verbul ”to finish”?

Folosim verbul ”to finish” pentru ceva ce faci tu personal.

  • I always finish what I start. Intotdeauna termin ce incep.
  • His brother finished last in the race. Fratele lui a terminat pe ultimul loc in cursa.
  • I always finish work at 5 pm. Intotdeauna termin munca la 5 dupa amiaza.
  • When I finish my shift, I go home. Cand termin schimbul, merg acasa.

Pot spune si:

  • When my shifts ends, I go home. Cand se termina schimbul, merg acasa.

Folosim “finish” pentru a spune ca ceva a ajuns la o concluzie, la final, s-a incheiat pentru ca este complet/a.

  • He finished his meal in just ten minutes. A incheiat masa in doar 10 minute.
  • I finish breakfast quickly. Termin micul dejun repede.
  • We could finish the job by Friday this week. Am putea termina treaba pana vineri, saptamana aceasta.
  • He always starts something new but never finishes anything. Intotdeauna incepe ceva nou dar nu termina nimic.
  • You’ll never finish that hamburger – it’s too big for you. Nu o sa termini niciodata acel hamburger. Este prea mare pentru tine.
  • How long does it take you to finish your homework? Cat iti ia sa-ti termini tema pentru acasa?

Cand folosim verbul ”to end”?

”To end” inseamna ca ceva INCETEAZA.

Il folosim cand este vorba despre o SCHIMBARE IMPORTANTA, cum ar fi sfarsitul unei perioade, epoci, relatii etc.

  • She decided to end that relationship. A decis sa incheie acea relatie.
  • World war II ended in 1945. Al doilea razboi mondial s-a incheiat in 1945.

Folosim ”to end” pentru a spune ca ceva este semnificativ si are o concluzie clara sau forma.

  • The course of the river ended in a harbour. Cursul raului se termina cu un port.
  • The medieval period ended in the sixteenth century. Perioada medievala s-a incheiat in secolul 16.

Folosim verbul ”to end” cu sensul de a pune capat, a inceta:

  • I decided to end our business relationship.  Am decis sa inchei relatia noastra de afaceri.
  • The time was up, so I had to end the test. Timpul s-a terminat, asa ca a trebuit sa inchei testul.
  • She ended her concert with three songs by Schubert. Ea a incheiat concertul cu 3 melodii de Schubert.
  • What time does it end? La ce ora se incheie?
Citeste si:  Like More sau Like Better? Cum este Corect in Engleza?

Putem folosi ”to end” pentru a spune ca vrem sa creem un final:

  • How do you end an e-mail to somebody you don’t know? Cum inchei un e-mail catre cineva pe care nu il cunosti?

O alta diferenta dintre Finish & End

Doar verbul ”to finish”  poate fi urmat de verb la forma ING.

‘Finish” poate fi urmat de forma -ing, si nu de infinitiv lung (cu to):

  • They’ve finished playing those computer games. Au terminat de jucat acele jocuri pe calculator.
  • I haven’t finished eating yet. Nu am terminat de mancat.
  • Have you finished drinking your milkshake? Ai terminat de baut milkshake-ul?
  • Call me when you’ve finished writing the report. Suna-ma cand ai terminat de scris raportul.
  • Have you finished cleaning the floor yet? Ai terminat de curatat podeaua?
  • You’ll never finish reading that book if you don’t read at least 5 pages a day. Nu vei termina niciodata de citit cartea daca nu citesti macar 5 pagini pe zi.
”Finish” cu verbul ”to be”

Finished poate fi folosit cu verbul ”to be”.

  • Nu am terminat inca. I’m not finished yet. ( pot spune si: I haven’t finished yet.)

”to be finished” poate fi sinonim cu ”to be done’‘ – a termina, a fi gata.

  • We, two, are finished. We are done. Noi doi, am terminat-o. (Are sens negativ. Poate insemna si. Suntem terminati. Am pierdut.)
  • Are you finished eating that? Ai terminat de mancat aia?
  • We are finished for the day. Am terminat pe ziua de azi.

To finish a job quickly.” a termina o treaba repede inseamna acelasi lucru ca si: ”to complete a job quickly”.

Cand vorbim despre detaliile finale ale unui lucru/lucrari, folosim ”finish”. ex

  • Look at the finish of this chest of drawers! Uita-te la finisajul/finisarea acestei comode.
Cand folosim pe ”end” ca substantiv?

Cuvantul ”end” este adesea folosit in expresii, precum:

  • to put an end to – a pune capat
  • at the end – la sfarsit
  • in the end – in cele din urma, pana la urma
  • at the end of the day – la urma urmei, in cele din urma, pana la urma, in concluzie

Putem folosi ”end” ca substantiv in astfel de propozitii. ex.

  • They have decide to put an end to the conflict. Au decis sa puna capat conflictului.
  • He wrote a book at the end of his life. A scris o carte la sfarsitul vietii.
  • He achieved his goal in the end. Si-a atins scopul in cele din/pana la urma.
  • At the end of the day, it is my decision. La urma urmei este decizia mea.
  • The play ended on a high note. Piesa s-a incheiat cu succes. (Sensul este acelasi cu:) ‘The play got to a close on a high note’.
Citeste si:  A Few si Quite A Few in Engleza
to end = to be over

O alta varianta pe care o putem folosi in locul verbului: ”to end” este ”to be over”.

  • When the show is over we can go home. Cand se termina spectacolul, mergem acasa.
  • It’s over between us. The relationship has ended. S-a terminat relatia dintre noi.
  • This meeting is over. Aceasta intalnire/sedinta s-a incheiat.

In concluzie, folosim ”finish” cand vrem sa spunem ca ceva este complet iar end il folosim cand ceva ”inceteaza.”

  • He never lets me finish a sentence. Nu ma lasa sa-mi termin propozitia.

Exercitii cu verbele ”finish” si ”end”.

1. Alege varianta corecta:
  1. She never lets you ____ a sentence.   end finish oricare
  2. Go to the ___ of the road and turn left.    end finish oricare
  3. He felt it was time to ____ our affair.  end finish oricare
  4. Have you ____ sorting it out? ended finished oricare
  5. I couldn’t ____ the dinner.  end finish oricare
  6. Word that ____ -ly are usually adverbs.  end finish oricare
  7. He ____ his days in a mental hospital. ended finished oricare
  8. It’s time to ____ the debate about what’s right and wrong and get down to business. end finish oricare
  9. They never ____ anything they start. end finish oricare
  10. What time does the show ____? end finish oricare
  11. All good things must come to ____.  end finish oricare
  12. The sun sets at ____ the day. end finish oricare
  13. You must go to _____ of the queue.  end finish oricare
  14. One in three marriages ____ in divorce. end finish oricare
  15. Are you sure you will _____ this job by Friday? end finish oricare
  16. That horse _____ second behind favourite Big Brown. end finish oricare
  17. I have _____ the coffee, the children have _____ the cake. end finish oricare
  18. Look at the _____ of this chest of drawers! end finish oricare
  19. You can’t miss it, it’s that big building right at the _____ of the street. end finish oricare
  20. Sarah’s got an important work to before the ____ of the week. end finish oricare
  21. Sadly their marriage of twenty years _____ in divorce. end finish oricare
  22. After the children had _____ doing their homework, the whole family went to the park. end finish oricare
  23. Frank crossed the ____ line well ahead of the other runners.  end finish oricare
  24. This is not the ____ , it is not even the beginning of the ____ .  But it is perhaps the ____ of the beginning. end finish oricare
  25. He thought they would all share the cost of the meal but unfortunately he ___ up paying for everybody. ended finished oricare
Traduceti in limba Engleza! Raspunsurile corecte le gasesti in cadrul acestei lectii mai sus:
  1. A incheiat masa in 10 minute.
  2. Au decis sa puna capat conflictului.
  3. Termin micul dejun repede.
  4. Am putea termina treaba pana vineri saptamana aceasta.
  5. Nu ma lasa sa-mi termin propozitia.
  6. A scris o carte la sfarsitul vietii.
  7. Nu am terminat de mancat.
  8. Nu o sa termini niciodata acel hamburger. Este prea mare pentru tine.
  9. Cat iti ia sa-ti termini tema pentru acasa?
  10. Au terminat de jucat acele jocuri pe calculator.
  11. Piesa s-a incheiat cu succes.
  12. Cum inchei un e-mail catre cineva pe care nu il cunosti?
  13. Perioada medievala s-a incheiat in secolul 16.
  14. Suna-ma cand ai terminat de scris raportul.
  15. Si-a atins scopul in cele din/pana la urma.
  16. Timpul s-a terminat asa ca a trebuit sa inchei testul.
  17. Ai terminat de curatat podeaua?
  18. Am decis sa inchei relatia noastra de afaceri.
  19. Termin micul dejun repede.
  20. Contractul lui se incheie luna aceasta.
  21. Intotdeauna termin munca la 5 dupa amiaza.
  22. Sedinta s-a incheiat la ora 10 dimineata.
  23. Spectacolul s-a terminat la miezul noptii.
  24. Fratele lui a terminat cursa cursa pe ultimul loc.
  25. La urma urmei, este decizia mea.
  26. Am terminat pe ziua de azi.
  27. Intotdeauna incepe ceva nou dar nu termina nimic.
  28. Nu vei termina niciodata cartea daca nu citesti macar 5 pagini pe zi.
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1. Raspunsuri la  Corecte Exercitiul 1

  1. She never lets you ____ a sentence.   finish
  2. Go to the ___ of the road and turn left.    end
  3. He felt it was time to ____ our affair.  end
  4. Have you ____ sorting it out? finished
  5. I couldn’t ____ the dinner.   finish
  6. Word that ____ in -ly are usually adverbs.  end
  7. He ____ his days in a mental hospital. ended
  8. It’s time to ____ the debate about what’s right and wrong and get down to business. end
  9. They never ____ anything they start. finish
  10. What time does the show ____? end /finish
  11. All good things must come to an ____.  end
  12. The sun sets at ____ the day. the end of
  13. You must go to _____ of the queue. the end
  14. One in three marriages ____ in divorce. end
  15. Are you sure you will _____ this job by Friday? finish
  16. That horse _____ second behind favourite Big Brown. finish
  17. I have _____ the coffee, the children have _____ the cake. finished
  18. Look at the _____ of this chest of drawers! finish
  19. You can’t miss it, it’s that big building right at the _____ of the street. end
  20. Sarah’s got an important work to before the ____ of the week. end
  21. Sadly their marriage of twenty years _____ in divorce. end
  22. After the children had _____ doing their homework, the whole family went to the park. finished
  23. Frank crossed the ____ line well ahead of the other runners. finish
  24. This is not the ____ , it is not even the beginning of the ____ . But it is perhaps the ____ of the beginning. end
  25. He thought they would all share the cost of the meal but unfortunately he ___ up paying for everybody. ended
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