Adverbele in limba Engleza

Lista de adverbe in limba Engleza

Aboneaza-te Clubul de Engleza
Aboneaza-te Clubul de Engleza

Ce sunt adverbele in limba Engleza? Adverbele sunt acea parte a vorbirii care descrie un verb, un adjectiv, un alt adverb, o expresie si chiar o propozitie .

Iata ce trebuie sa stii despre adverbe pentru a invata Engleza corect si eficient:

  • Cum deosebim adverbele?
  • Locul adverbelor in propozitie
  • Formarea adverbelor
  • Cum se comporta adverbele?
  • Adverbele descriu verbe
  • Adverbele descriu adjective
  • Tipuri de adverbe

Cum identificam adverbele in Engleza?

Cum poti deosebi adverbele in propozitii? Le deosebim dupa forma, dupa locul pe care il au in propozitie si dupa modul in care schimba sensul verbului.

De obicei se termina in -ly. Totusi, nu toate adverbele au forme care se termina in -ly.

Adverbele in limba Engleza
Adverbele in limba Engleza

Locul adverbelor in propozitie:

Din punct de vedere al ordinii cuvintelor in propozitie, adverbele stau, de obicei, inainte sau dupa verb.
Adverbele de timp isi au locul de obicei, la inceput sau la sfarsitul propozitiei.

  • I never get up late.
  • She always goes to bed at 10 o’clock.

Cum se formeaza adverbele?

Unele adverbe au forma identica cu adjectivul. Pentru a nu confunda adverbul cu adjectivul, trebuie sa ne uitam la cuvantul pe care il descrie. Cand descrie un substantiv, este adjectiv. Cand descrie un verb este adverb.

  • He is a fast runner.(adjectiv)
  • He runs fast. (adverb)

Cum se formeaza adverbele care se termina in -ly?

Adjectivul primeste terminatia -ly.

Daca adjectivul se termina in y, y de la sfarsitul acestuia devine si astfel, avem.

  • Ex. happy – happily They are happily married.

Daca adjectivul se termina in -e, primeste doar terminatia adverbiala -ly.

  • unfortunate- unfortunately Unfortunately, She couldn’t make it there in time.

Daca adjectivul se termina in -l, acesta se dubleaza.

  • Ex. beautiful, beautifully,

Daca adjectiv se termina in dublu -l, adverbul va primi doar terminatia – y. Ex.

  • full, fully, Ex. I fully agree.

Adverbele modifica sau descriu cuvintele care sunt folosite in aceeasi propozitie.

Cum se comporta adverbele in limba Engleza?

Descriu verbe: Ex.

  • He speaks very loudly.
  • Why do you have to drive fast in the city?
  • It sounds better than it did the last time.

Adverbele adauga informatie verbelor. Ele spun cum cineva a facut ceva. Ex.

  • He spoke very fast.
  • She left very early in the morning.
  • The boy behaved badly.

Adverbele adauga informatii si altfel. Ex.

  • I kind of enjoyed it but it could have been better.
  • We talked a little but we didn’t have time to discuss everything.
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Adverbele in Limba Engleza – sens si functii

Adverbele au diferite sensuri si functii. Ele sunt importante mai ales pentru a indica timpul, modul, locul, gradul, si frecventa. Este important sa stim ca adverbele intensifica sensul verbului.

Adverbul poate fi inlocuit de locutiuni adverbiale. Asta inseamna ca un adverb poate fi inlocuit de 2 sau mai multe cuvinte care indeplinesc aceeasi functie adverbiala. Se comporta exact ca un adverb dar nu au forma de adverb. Ex.

  • In a good way. I mean this in a good way.

Adverbul in relatie cu verbul, adjectivul si alt adverb

Verbul exprima o actiune sau stare action ex.. jump, run, swim, ski, fish, talk. Sensul actiunii poate fi modificat cu ajutorul adverbului. Vei intelege mai bine relatia adverbului cu celelalte parti de vorbire atunci cand le folosim in propozitii.

Iata cateva exemple de adverbe care modifica sensul cuvintelor in propozitii:

In relatie cu verbul: Ex.

  • He runs quickly. She walks slowly.

Adverbe care descriu/modifica adverbe

Adverbele, ofera mai multa informatie, in relatie cu alte adverbe:

Propozitii cu adverbe

Exemple de propozitii cu adverbe in limba Engleza:

  • He runs very quickly. Adverbul very descrie adverbul quickly.
  • He speaks English incredibly well.
  • This is an incredibly well written essay. ( She writes very well sau She writes incredibly well.)

Adverbele descriu adjective:

An incredibly pretty girl sat down next to me. Adverbul „incredibly” descrie adjectivul „pretty.”

Cum identifici adverbul?

Iti dai seama daca ai de-a face cu un adverb dupa functia pe care o are intr-o propozitie. Daca descrie, un verb, un adjectiv sau un alt adverb, este vorba de adverb.

Tipuri de adverbe in Engleza care arata:

  • Timpul: time – I never get up early at the weekends.
  • Modul: manner – Walk across the road carefully!
  • Locul: place – When we got there, the tickets had sold out.
  • Gradul: degree – It’s rather cold, isn’t it?
  • Frecventa: frequency – I’m always losing my keys.

Adverbe care arata modul, modalitatea in care are loc actiunea sau starea. De obicei, aceste adverbe au forma cu -ly la sfarsit.

Nu toate adverbele se termina in -ly.

  • The dog messily ate his dinner.
  • I happily handed in my test.
  • She quickly washed the dishes.
Adverbe de timp:

Avem cuvinte care se comporta doar ca adverbe de timp:

always, often, ever, seldom,  never, early, late, yesterday, tomorrow, a few days ago, last week, in the morning, at noon, in the afternoon, last night,

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Adverbe de durata:

all day, long time, for a while, since then

  • They stay there all day.
  • I haven’t seen them in a long time.
  • Many things have changed since then.

Adverbe care arata siguranta sau probabilitatea Ex. certainly, cu siguranta, definitely, surely – cu siguranta. ex. I surely believe so.

Folsim ‘maybe, perhaps‘ pentru a exprima probabilitatea.

  • Perhaps, she still thinks she can do better.
Adverbe de legatura (Conjunctive adverbs)

also, besides, however, meanwhile, likewise,

Sunt de obicei, puse la inceputul propozitiilor. Ele fac legatura intre ceva exprimat in propozitia din care fac parte si altceva exprimat intr-o propozitie anterioara.

  • however – totusi
  • I would like to buy that book. However, I don’t have enough money. Mi-ar placea sa cumpar acea carte. Totusi, nu am suficienti bani.
  • nevertheless -totusi, cu toate astea
    You were very busy. Nevertheless, you found time to call me on my birthday. Ai fost foarte ocupat. Cu toate astea, ti-ai facut timp sa ma suni de ziua mea.
  • therefore – de aceea, asadar
    He won the contest, therefore he got the prize. A castigat concursul, asadar a mai primit premiul. (Folosit in Indirect Speech)
Adverbe care arata gradul
  • almost (aproape), nearly (aproape), quite (destul), just (doar), enough (destul), scarcely (abia), completely (complet)
  • He has almost finished. Aproape a terminat.
  • ”Enough” se pune dupa adjectiv sau verb: He didn’t study enough. Nu a studiat suficient.
  • ”Too” se pune in fata adjectivului sau adverbului: He drinks too often.
  • ”Very” se aseaza in fata adjectivului sau adverbului: She is very beautiful. adverb+adjectiv
  • I work very hard. adverb+adverb
Adverbe care arata cantitatea:
  • very, much, more
    The puppy’s behavior was very bad.
    The much smarter boy won the spelling bee.
    I so want to go to that concert tonight.
Adverbe de frecventa In Engleza:

Acestea sunt adverbele care arata frecventa: ex.

  • ocasionally, sometimes, frequently, usually, rarely, often, monthly, daily, every day, once a day, now and then

Adjectivele pot fi confundate uneori. Atat adverbele cat si adjectivele pot modifica alte cuvinte. Tocmai de aceea acestea pot fi confundate.

  • He behaved very bad on the field trip. Wrong.

Este gresit pentru ca „bad” este adjectiv si este folosit pentru a descrie un verb: „behaved”. Formularea corecta este:

  • He behaved very badly on the field trip. sau His behavior was very bad on the field trip. Correct
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”Good” si ”Wel”. Aici, apar cele mai multe confuzii.

”Good” este adjectiv caremodifica substantive nu verbe. Ex.

  • He is a good boy. Good – adjectiv.
  • He behaves well. Well – adverb.

Well” este adverb si modifica verbe sau chiar adjective. Ex:

  • He listens well. He speaks English well.
  • That well educated girl is University graduate.
Adverbe Engleza lista

Manner Adverbs- Adverbe de mod. Exemple de adverbe de mod

  • appealingly, attractively, charmingly, delightfully, elegantly, exquisitely, gorgeously, gracefully, handsomely, magnificently, seductively, splendidly, tastefully, wonderfully, alluringly, cutely, divinely, entrancingly, ideally, prettily
Adverbe care arata gradul:
  • absolutely, enough, perfectly, somewhat, a (little) bit, entirely, pretty, terribly, a lot, extremely, quite, too, almost, fairly, rather, totally, awfully, highly, remarkably, utterly, completely, slightly, very
Focusing adverbs

especially, just, mainly, particularly, generally, largely, only, simply, personaly

Adverbe in Engleza -Timpuri verbale

Anumite adverbe sunt intalnite mai des cu anumite timpuri verbale in limba Engleza.

never, ever, seldom, often, always. Sunt folosite cu timpurile simple. Ex.

  • I always read my newspaper at the office.
  • I have always read my newspaper at the office.
  • I had always read my newspaper at the office.
  • I will always read my newspaper at the office.
  • ( exceptie cand actiunea deranjeaza pe vorbitor) He’s always reading the newspaper at the office.
Adverbe in Engleza – Exercitii

1. Find the adjective in the first sentence and fill the gap with the adverb.

She is happy. She smiles ………….
The boy is loud. He shouts ………….
Her English is fluent. She speaks English ……………
My teacher was angry yesterday. She spoke to us …………
My neighbour is a careless driver. He drives …………..
This painter is awful. I don’t like his paintings. He paints ……………..
Jane is a wonderful piano player. He plays the piano ……………
This girl is very quiet. She often sneaks out of the house …………..
She is a good dancer. She dances really ……………
This exercise is easy. You have can put the missing word in each space…………….

Este nevoie de practica si exercitii cu adverbe si celelalte parti de vorbire pentru a invata Engleza corect si eficient. Daca ai intrebari, ne poti lasa un comentariu mai jos. Promitem sa iti raspunde cat de repede putem.

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