4 prepozitii de loc in Engleza

In, at, on, by – 4 prepozitii care arata locul in limba Engleza

Astazi invatam 4 prepozitii de loc in limba Engleza: in, on, at, by. Aceste 4 cuvinte mici se numesc prepozitii. Acestea sunt doar cateva dintre ele. Sunt mult situatii cand folosim prepozitiile. In, on, at, by, with, under, for, behind, over, of, to,in front of, between, below, next to, above etc

Pentru a invata Engleza usor, trebuie sa stii prepozitiile! Trebuie sa le inveti? Desigur! Nu poti vorbi fluent fara sa stii prepozitiile.

Prepozitii de loc in, at, on, by
Prepozitii de loc
  • Ce trebuie sa stii despre propozitiile de loc?
  • Cum invat prepozitiile?
  • Cand folosim prepozitiile in, at, on, by?

Ce trebuie sa stii despre cele 4 prepozitii de loc in Engleza?

Astazi vorbim despre in, on, at, by. Aceste prepozitii se folosesc in primul rand pentru a da informatii legate de loc, timp si directie in limba Engleza.

Vom studia 4 dintre aceste prepozitii in aceasta lectie. In, on, at, by. Vom invata cum sa le folosim pentru a arata locul a ceva sau ineva.

Nu exista reguli foarte clare legata de folosirea prepozitiilor. Sunt totusi cateva explicatii logice pentru a putea sa intelegem de ce si unde le folosim.
Uneori, prepozitii diferite pot fi folosite cu aceleasi cuvinte sau pentru a exprima intelesuri similare. Totusi, de cele mai multe ori, folosirea diferitelor prepozitii, poate schimba intregul inteles al propozitiei.

Cum invat cele 4 prepozitii de loc in Engleza?

Un lucru este clar. nu poti ghici sensul lor. Trebuie sa le inveti. Trebuie sa le stii pentru a-ti imbunati nivelul la limba Engleza.
Nu incerca sa inveti prepozitiile traducandu-le in limba romana!
Le poti invata doar in expresii, adica, asociate cu alte cuvinte. Acestea sunt folosite doar impreuna pentru a avea acele intelesuri. Ex.

  • In the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening,
  • At noon, at night, at midnight

Invatarea limbii Engleze prin expresii, te va ajuta sa faci mai putine greseli si sa faci progress rapid.
Cum poti face asta? Invatand limba Engleza prin Engleza, facand multe exercitii si folosind noile expresii atat in scris cat si in vorbit.

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Cand trebuie sa le folosim?

Prepozitia – In
In – inseamna inauntru, in interiorul a ceva, limitat de ceva. in engleza: inside, within, inside the edges of something. It used to show the position of something in relation to what surrounds it.

In- este folosit pentru a arata pozitia a ceva in relatie cu ce anume inconjoara acel ceva.

Spatii inchise si recipiente (Containers or enclosed spaces) Ex.

  • In the box, in the bag, in the room, in the house, in the car
    The keys are in your pocket.
    There’s someone in the room.
    I have coffee in my cup.
    I read that in a book. Write in your notebook!

Este clar ce este inauntru si ce este afara. Poti vedea marginile. (There’s a clear inside or outside. You can see the edges.)
Folosim in cu spatii inchise. (We use ”in” with spaces that are enclosed.)
Cutia are margini. (The box has clear edges.)

Camera, casa, cana. Toate au limit, margini clare care pot fi vazute. (The room, the house, the cup. They all have clear edges that we can see.)

  • I left the keys in my hotel room.

Cu locuri ale caror margini, granite nu sunt foarte clare sau evidente

Totusi, uneori, limitele unui spatiu nu sunt foarte clare, evidente. (Sometimes, the edges of a space are less clear.)

Ne referim la zone mari: regiuni, orase, tari, continente. (areas, regions, cities, countries, continents)

  • I grew up in London.
    I spent my summer holiday in the country.
    My grandparents live in a small village in the mountains.
    The town is located in a beautiful area in the north of the country.
    I enjoyed swimming in the pool.

TAll these words have borders or edges even if they are not really obvious or very clear. People can live or stay inside these edges or borders.

Arata continutul- cu lichide

In is also used with with Liquids

  • There’s a lot of chlorine in that water.
    There’s too much sugar in that drink.
    I don’t usually have sugar in my coffee.
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Folosit cu grupuri

With groups of people

  • He was selected to be in the national football team.
    I was in the group of tourists visiting that museum that afternoon.

Locul pe suprafata

On – shows the position of something on a surface.
On the desk, on the wall, on the third floor,

  • The plate is on the table.
    On page 44
    There’s a picture on the wall.
    I live on the third floor of this building.
    I wrote my phone number on a piece of paper.
    I have spilled coffee on my white shirt.

Este folosit cu suprafete

It is usually used with flat surfaces as floors, walls, roads, streets, rivers, lakes etc

  • The fire station is on the corner of Bay Street.
    Dover is on the South coast of England.
    I can see something floating on the water.
    I’ll take you out on the lake.

Pozitia fizica, geografica

Este folosit pentru a arata pozitia fata de ceva: on the right, on the lift side.

  • The museum is on the left side of the river.
    My seat was on the right side of the bus.

Mijloace de transport

With means of transport: on the bus, on the train, on the plain

  • They were already on the bus.
    Used to specify days and dates:
    I was born on the 23rd of October.
    We have dance classes on Fridays.

Cu aparate: telefon, televizor, computer

Este folosit cu aparatura electronica. Used to indicate a device or machine, such as a phone or computer:

  • She’s on the phone.
    My favourite show will be on TV next week.
    He has been on his computer since this morning.

Cu partile corpului uman

Folosit pentru a arata partile corpului. Used to indicate a part of the body:

  • She put her hand on my shoulder.
    He kissed her on my cheek.
    I wear a ring on my finger.
    I go there on foot.
    I came here on my bike.
    I’m standing on one foot.
    I’m lying on my back.
    Hang your coat on that hook!
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Folosit pentru a arata starea a ceva

Used to indicate the state of something:

Everything in this store is on sale.
The building is on fire.
The patient is on drugs.

AT- Specific places

It refers to one spot. It is one-dimensional.

She is at school. She is in class now.
I saw you at the bus stop yesterday.
Stop at the traffic light and turn right!

Locuri publice

Il folosim cu locuri publice In Engleza: public places, stops, stations, shops, supermarkets

We met at the station the other day.
They stopped at the supermarket on the way home.
I met her at the office and we talked about a new deal.
Jane met her boyfriend at the library.

Adrese  Addresses

I live at 24 Bay Street in an apartment on the third floor.
I will give their address. They live at 14 Park Road.
There’s a party at Ben’s house.

La evenimente – At events

I will meet you at the party.
He is speaking at the business conference tonight.
Write on the paper, in the notebook, at the top of the page!

Putem folosi prepozitii diferite pentru a arata acelasi lucru

In sau on

Two prepositions to express similar meaning
In the car, on the bus, on th train

In sau at

She is still in school.
It means – inside the building. She is a student there.
She is at school.
It- means the address, the location of the school. They mean almost the same thing, here.
She may or may not be necessarily a student.

At sau on

I’m at the beach. I’m on the beach.
By – means next to something, beside, near.

Sper ca ai inteles cand trebuie sa folosesti cele 4 prepozitii de loc pentru a invata Engleza corect. Daca ai intrebari, nu ezita sa ne lasi comentariul tau mai jos. Iti vom raspunde cat de repede putem.

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